Pedestrian Friendly Design

Public benches and seating where pedestrians can take a rest, meet a friend, or wait for transit are important for pedestrian-oriented areas. Older adults, pedestrians with disabilities, and families may need to stop and rest frequently. Seating areas can include amenities such as... more

Public transportation and walking complement each other, since transit users generally walk to and from transit, and transit increases the distance pedestrians can travel. Communities can arrange transit stops around popular destinations such as grocery stores and community centers.... more

Providing a physical barrier between traffic and the sidewalk increases pedestrians' safety and comfort. Buffers make pedestrians feel less exposed and provide protection. Buffers come in different forms. Planting strips and furniture zones enhance the attractiveness and utility of... more

By encouraging development that leads people to naturally monitor the streetscape and one another, communities can enhance safety. Buildings with porches, balconies, and windows that face streets, parks, and plazas help put more "eyes on the street." Communities can also increase... more

More people use public transportation when transit facilities are attractive, safe, and functional. But today's transit stops are often unappealing.

To optimize use, transit stops should be highly visible to pedestrians, and oncoming transit vehicles should be easy to see... more

Street furniture (such as benches, drinking fountains, and trash cans) is often regarded as an optional amenity, but can contribute markedly to the comfort and character of an area for pedestrians. Decorative and interesting street furniture can give streets an identity, helping to... more

Over the past several decades, buildings have become wider, and front entrances have been minimized or relocated from the street to the parking lot. Vast, monolithic buildings present too much dead space to the sidewalk, making pedestrians feel small and out of place. Wide,... more

Landmarks serve as points of reference for pedestrians and others as they find their way. Landmarks help people recognize and remember routes, they contribute to the identity and character of an area, and they can act as gateways that orient travelers who are approaching or leaving a district... more

Medium to high residential and commercial densities promote walkability. A neighborhood with services and destinations within walking distance (usually defined as 1/4- to 1/2-mile, though many people are willing to walk further) and enough people present to support nearby businesses is a... more

Wide streets with many lanes of traffic are common, but they are difficult and dangerous for pedestrians to cross. Multiple lanes of fast-moving cars can be dangerous and often feel threatening to pedestrians walking along a thoroughfare.

Encouraging narrower roads is one of... more